07 Jan trustworthiness in qualitative research lincoln and guba
There are four criteria in qualitative research that show a trustworthy study. Lincoln and Guba posit that trustworthiness of a research study is important to evaluating its worth. Based on the results of the literature search, the main trustworthiness issues in the preparation phases were identified as trustworthiness of the data collection method, sampling strategy, and the selection of a suitable unit of analysis. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. Ensuring Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research. We recommend that preliminary analysis should start, for example, after a few interviews. Strategies for achieving trustwo … Further studies are needed to systematically evaluate the reporting of content analysis in scientific journals, that is, to examine what researchers have emphasized when reporting the trustworthiness of their qualitative content analysis study, and how criteria of trustworthiness have been interpreted by those studies. In most studies where content analysis is used, the collected data are unstructured (Elo & Kyngäs, 2008; Neuendorf, 2002; Sandelowski, 1995b), gathered by methods such as interviews, observations, diaries, other written documents, or a combination of different methods. In qualitative content analysis, the homogeneity of the study participants or differences expected between groups are evaluated (Burmeister, 2012; Sandelowski, 1995a). Her research interests concern the methodological issues in nursing science, and the well-being of children and their families focusing on the aspects of pain assessment and non-pharmacological interventions, and promoting of child- and family-centeredness in nursing. According to Schreier (2012), there is no clear dividing line between qualitative and quantitative content analysis, and similar terms and criteria for reliability and validity are often used. The discussion in this article helps to clarify how content analysis should be reported in a valid and understandable manner, which, we expect, will be of particular benefit to reviewers of scientific articles. There has been much debate about the most appropriate terms (rigor, validity, reliability, trustworthiness) for assessing qualitative research validity (Koch & Harrington, 1998). Helvi Kyngäs is Professor in University of Oulu, Institute of Health Sciences. Whereas many standardized procedures are available for performing quantitative content analysis (Baxter, 2009), this is not the case for qualitative content analysis. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. I have read and accept the terms and conditions. Subjecting the interview questions to evaluation by this kind of group may help to construct understandable questions that make better sense of the studied phenomenon by asking the “right questions in the right way.”. The purpose of trustworthiness in qualitative research is to support the argument that the inquiry’s results are “worth paying attention to”. The most widely used criteria for evaluating qualitative content analysis are those developed by Lincoln and Guba (1985). It is easier to recognize when saturation is achieved if data are at least preliminarily collected and analyzed at the same time (Guthrie et al., 2004; Sandelowski, 1995a, 2001). Results should be reported systematically and carefully, with particular attention paid to how connections between the data and results are reported. LINCOLN Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Naturalistic Inquiry. It is common that all data are first collected and then analyzed later. To ensure the trustworthiness and especially credibility of the results, it is important to evaluate how well categories cover the data and identify whether there are similarities within and differences between categories.