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sources of health information system

sources of health information system

3… Seven in 10 Latinos (71 percent) say correctly that even people without a family history of diabetes have a risk of developing it. Nativity and assimilation are associated with higher levels of diabetes knowledge. Health information technology, or HIT, refers to a system designed to store, share, and analyze the data collected in any healthcare facility. I’ll list the main influence driving healthcare, the driver for IT, and the resulting health information technology (HIT) innovation: 1960s: The main healthcare drivers in endstream endobj 1168 0 obj <>/Metadata 89 0 R/Pages 1160 0 R/StructTreeRoot 150 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 1169 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 57/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 1170 0 obj <>stream 0 %%EOF Women are more likely than men to get their health information in Spanish (44 percent versus 36 percent for television viewers, and 53 percent versus 43 percent for radio listeners). Data content PHIS contains tables on cancer; demography; fertility; hospital discharges; mortality and psychiatric admissions. However, medical professionals are not the only ones providing health and medical information. Latinos who get a lot of health information from doctors are more likely to score high (65 percent) on diabetes knowledge than those who get little (59 percent) or no information (49 percent) from doctors. Among long-term immigrants, those who have been in the country for 15 years or more, 61 percent score high, compared with about half of shorter-term immigrants. Those who get a lot of information from newspapers and magazines also are more likely to score high (69 percent) than those who get no information from those sources (50 percent). Men also are more likely to get a low score, 13 percent compared with 7 percent of women. 1184 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<86B198B71AF03E4B989B4BFD8216EE3E><63301F182E507040A2012132B920EBF9>]/Index[1167 49]/Info 1166 0 R/Length 88/Prev 375408/Root 1168 0 R/Size 1216/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Fifty-nine percent of immigrants who are neither naturalized nor legal permanent residents reported obtaining health information from a medical professional. Health information provided by the media led 57 percent of Hispanics to ask a doctor or medical professional new questions. The results are similar when considering nativity. Thirty-eight percent of respondents younger than 30, and 48 percent of respondents ages 65 and older who got health information from television got it in Spanish. 1215 0 obj <>stream A higher share of Latinos (14 percent) with no usual source of care scores low, as compared with Hispanics who do have a usual source of care (9 percent). Though the survey data do not allow for an evaluation of the appropriateness of the behavioral changes that result from media exposure to health information, results clearly indicate that alternative channels of health information have an effect on Latinos’ behavior. National health information systems (HISs), which integrate data and information from different sources and information systems, cater to the information needs of policy-makers and other audiences. Print and broadcast media, churches, community groups, family and friends, and the Internet are all sources of health and medical information for many Hispanics. Three-quarters (76 percent) of Hispanics know that there are effective treatments for diabetes that reduce the chances of death or serious side effects; the same share correctly say there is no medicine or treatment “that can permanently fix it.” A slightly lower share (72 percent) of Hispanics is aware that maintaining a healthy weight is more helpful in preventing diabetes than avoiding all sugar. By comparison, 23% of online health information seekers who report no chronic conditions say they have been asked to pay for access to information they wanted to see – a significant difference co… Foreign-born Hispanics account for more than seven in 10 of the low-scoring group. Sources of information about the country health information system Information about the functioning of the health information system can be obtained from the different sectors and agencies that have responsibilities for the generation, synthesis, analysis and use … The majority of Hispanics scoring low on the diabetes knowledge index have health insurance or a usual health care provider. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Around one-third of Hispanics with a high school education or less get information from churches and community groups, compared with 26 percent of people without at least some college education. While preventive care and regular health monitoring are essential in maintaining good long-term health and limiting the severity of chronic diseases, more than one in four Hispanics say they received no information regarding health or health care from doctors or health care professionals in the past year. High school graduates account for 27 percent and Latinos with at least some college education make up 15 percent. As such, it’s no surprise that the information that Hispanics received from churches or community groups was more likely to be in Spanish only (49 percent) or in both Spanish and English (31 percent) than only in English (19 percent). According to the American Diabetes Association, millions of Americans are unaware that they have diabetes. USA - Health Data All Stars - Health Data Consortium - a directory of 50 prominent domestic resources for health data at the federal, state and local levels. This section will look at the survey data on diabetes knowledge from another perspective: The makeup of the low-scoring group. Central Americans (46 percent) and South Americans (47 percent) also have smaller shares of the highest-scoring respondents. Respondents who visit a doctor regularly score better on diabetes knowledge questions than respondents who primarily visit clinics for their care; 65 percent score high, as compared with 57 percent of respondents who frequent clinics. There are, however, differences between Hispanics with and without a usual source of care: 61 percent of those with a usual source score high, compared with 50 percent of those who have no usual provider. Half of the group that knows little about diabetes consists of Hispanics who did not complete high school. Respondents of Puerto Rican (80 percent) and Cuban (78 percent) origin are especially likely to have received help from a medical professional in the past year. Nearly two-thirds of the low-scoring group (65 percent) are men. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. District Health Information System 2, or DHIS2, is a a web-based management information system. Among those who watch television and those who listen to the radio, there is a strong association between educational levels and language use. Find science-based health information on symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, research, clinical trials and more from NIH, the nation’s medical research agency. In both cases, people with less than a high school diploma were more likely to get their information in Spanish (56 percent for television, 64 percent for radio) compared to those with at least some college education (17 percent for television, 20 percent for radio). While most Hispanics look to the medical community for answers to their health care questions, the media, and particularly television, also play a large role in providing health information. Most frequently, the information obtained from the Internet was solely in English (58 percent). Diabetics are more likely to know the basic facts about their condition than the general population does, but not all diabetics are well-informed: 73 percent score high on the knowledge test, 24 percent get a medium score and 3 percent get a low score. There are notable differences by demographic characteristic in which Hispanics score high (six to eight correct answers), medium (three to five correct answers) or low (two or fewer correct answers) on a battery of eight questions testing basic diabetes knowledge. Six in 10 Hispanics who have a usual provider say this. Let’s review health information system trends, decade by decade. Likewise for Hispanics who have health insurance and those who do not—40 percent in both cases obtain health information from the radio. 67 used both focus groups and a questionnaire to gather data. Nearly a third of Hispanics say they received a lot of health and health care information from doctors or other medical professionals over the past year, and 39 percent say they received a little information. As a result, a Different sub-groups of Hispanics rely on different types of media. It could be private as well as public clinics, hospitals, and doctor’s private chambers. citizens and long-term immigrants. The use of television for health information is somewhat more prevalent among the foreign born and the less assimilated. This is similar to the language of information obtained from the radio and quite distinct from that of information obtained from the Internet, newspapers and magazines. 3. Thirty percent of online health information seekers living with chronic conditions say they have been asked to pay for access to something they wanted to see online. Respondents were queried as to how much information about health and health care they got from several different sources in the past year. Somewhat more than half (53 percent) of all Hispanics who lack a regular health care provider say they receive at least some information from doctors, but 64 percent of them say they get information from television. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA Twenty-nine percent of respondents got Internet health information in both English and Spanish. In the course of providing and paying for care, organizations generate administrative data on the characteristics of the population they serve as well as their use of services and charges for those services, often at the level of individual users. Having health insurance and a regular health care provider are both associated with more diabetes knowledge but they do not guarantee being well-informed. It is a tool for collection, validation, analysis, and presentation of aggregate statistical data, tailored to integrated healthLearn more There are differences across several demographic measures that point to greater knowledge by more assimilated, established Hispanics. Radio also is an important source of health care information for Hispanics. Both those who have a usual provider (42 percent) and those who do not (38 percent) are nearly as likely to say that what they learned from the media affected how they think about treatment. Medium: Respondents answered three to five questions correctly. Find out with our income calculator. The Public Health Information System (PHIS) is a collection of tables of health-related data produced by the Department of Health. 1167 0 obj <> endobj As is the case with usual health care providers, those who are more educated and more assimilated are more likely to report exposure to the medical system. Similarly, among the Hispanics who use radio to obtain any of their health care information, 47 percent rely on Spanish-language radio stations, 26 percent listen to Spanish and English-language stations and 27 percent rely on only English stations. 0-��@84������H��"X$�A�q%�&S"�*Ƈ�-��bw�\;f0�c�d8s1��\e� Although most Latinos do reasonably well (58 percent answered at least six questions correctly), a sizeable minority faltered on the test with nearly a third (32 percent) giving three to five correct answers and 10 percent scoring even lower. The best-informed Hispanics about diabetes are those with at least some college education, or with high levels of assimilation—U.S. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. hޜX�n۸~��Ο.�/����$E�4g�m�A�ڴ�SYr%9M���Rq7N���5� ����")�PB�$Ÿd"*N�H�6��T�D�Ha�R�*dB�H�-b�cD�b&�2&a**Ўx���eܞh�TB�ɔ���Q Of course, being native born and assimilated are associated with lower likelihoods of obtaining broadcast media health information in Spanish. Evidence-informed health policy-making is based on sound data and information (1). Although half of Latinos without a high school diploma score high, that compares with 70 percent of those with at least some college education. Radio, newspapers and magazines, and the Internet are also important sources of health care information. Twenty-seven percent of Spanish-dominant respondents reported obtaining a lot of information from television, compared with 18 percent of English-dominant respondents. Citizens born in the United States or Puerto Rico are most likely to have received medical advice (80 percent) from a professional, followed by naturalized citizens (70 percent), and legal permanent residents (64 percent). Those who get a lot of information from family and friends or the Internet also are more likely to score higher (62 percent and 71 percent, respectively) than those who do not (51 percent and 54 percent). One in four Hispanics who get no health information score low on diabetes knowledge, compared with one in 11 who get at least some information. The data is gathered from claims, encounter, enrollment, and providers systems. 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