07 Jan 1 peter 5:10 commentary
âsuffered for a little whileâ-Eternity always places everything in the right perspective. It should also be noted that having a vision of the eternal glory, Peter then brings them right back to earth. Karen H. Jobes. In sum: all loss will soon be made right, and that for eternity.â (p. 198) 3. Compare 2 Corinthians 4:17. make you, &c The texts read "shall Himself perfect you", &c. perfect. In the best texts, these verbs are future. It is indeed because we are ‘in Christ’ that we can enjoy the certainty of this promise. 1 Peter 4:10). Of all grace - (cf. KJV But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you. 11), Ð²ÐµÑÐ½Ð¾ÑÑÑ (ÑÑ. ‘In Christ.’ Along with 1 Peter 5:14 this is the only mention in Peter of this very Pauline idea. The words suffered a while, inserted here, shew that the time of suffering is but short, and this is no small consolation. For 33 years, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota. The original looks as if St. Peter meant not only âafter that ye have suffered,â but also âby the fact of your having suffered.â. This cruel error causes many to question their faith when they need it most. But the God of all grace, who called you unto his eternal glory in Christ, after that ye have Buffered a little while, will himself perfect, stablish, strengthen you. After that ye have suffered a while — Such trials as his infinite wisdom shall see fit to appoint. By the first, I understand that God will knit you together; one part with another. See App-125. Compare in this regard 1 Peter 1:4-5; 1 Peter 1:9; 1 Peter 1:13; 1 Peter 1:11; 1 Peter 1:21; 1 Peter 3:15; 1 Peter 4:13. A secondary purpose is to encourage Christians to face persecution and suffering (1 Pe 1… The God who now bestows all grace, by the giving of that grace calls us into glory. B. Since grace means the unmerited favor of God, it is ï¬tting that all such favors should be attributed to Him. but the texts omit "Jesus". All this is to take place at the close of the short spell of suffering which is the means to it. Their pilgrim journey has still some way to go, but the God Who has called them to His eternal glory, will now sustain them for the rest of the way. When Simon and Andrew were called to leave their fishing and become fishers of men James and John were themselves also in a boat mending— —their nets (Mark 1:16-19). After ye have suffered a little while ... who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Jesus Christ, After that ye have suffered awhile, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you, After that ye have suffered a little while, σὺ ποτὲ ἐπιστρέψας στήρισον τοὺς ἀδελφούς σου. Establish; you in the hope and peace of the gospel. Meanwhile James had already gone to experience it for himself (Acts 12:2), and Stephen also had seen it as the first martyr (Acts 7:55-56). Then, made one with yourself, His one Spirit pervading and animating the whole being, III. #3 “…to his eternal glory in Christ,” We belong to God because he has called us to his eternal glory in Christ. But even as we rightly rejoice in that glory let us not overlook the fact that we are to enjoy some of it now. I. 1 Peter 5:10: And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered a little while, will himself restore you and make you strong, firm and steadfast. But the God of all grace, who called you unto his eternal glory in Christ, after that ye have Buffered a little while, will himself perfect, stablish, strengthen you. The verbs tend to intertwine with each other. He does not simply mention calling, but he shews wherefore they were called, even that they might obtain eternal glory. 1 Peter 2:5. It thus conveys far greater encouragement to those who have to face persecution, and resist the devil’s roarings and seductions. ◄ 1 Peter 5:10 ► And after you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who has called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself restore you, secure you, strengthen you, and establish you. 1 Peter 5:10 After you have suffered for a little while, thea God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you. And it is error, for it simply is not true. So 'Aleph ('); but A B omit "settle" [ themelioosei (Greek #2311)]: fix on a foundation. In Him the two are drawn inseparably together. Several changes must be made upon the A. V. here, which have been rightly recognised by the R. V. Weight of documentary evidence displaces ‘us’ by ‘you,’ turns the tenses into futures, inserts ‘himself’ before these verbs, and excludes the final ‘settle.’ It is also probable that we should read ‘in Christ’ or ‘in the Christ,’ instead of ‘in Christ Jesus.’ The verse, therefore, is an assurance, not a prayer. And the reason that we can show forth His excellencies (1 Peter 2:9) is precisely because we ourselves have seen the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 4:6), a vision that has transformed our lives. 10), Ð¿Ð¾ÐºÐ»Ð¾Ð½ÐµÐ½Ð¸Ðµ (ÑÑ. ‘And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after that you have suffered a little while, will himself make whole, establish, strengthen you.’. #2 “who called you…” To be human is to be a divine image-bearer. This last chapter divides itself naturally into three parts. New International Version (NIV) It was proper in their anticipated trials to direct them to God, and to breathe forth in their behalf an earnest and affectionate prayer that they might be supported. First 30-days on us! Grudem notes, âand we should addâ¦that he will settleâ¦them in any rightful place from which the suffering has wrongfully removed them. The last part of the verse is a wish on behalf of the brethren for certain blessings to be given to them by the God of all grace. 1 Peter 5:10 âAnd after you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.â. âThe radical notion of the verb is, therefore, adjustment---the putting of all the parts into right relation and connection.â (Vincent p. 671). We have on our side One who is able to overcome our adversary the devil. 1 Peter 5:10 But the God of ... Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. It is describing our inheritance, incorruptible and undefiled which is reserved in Heaven for us (1 Peter 1:4-5); it is the final consequence of the salvation of our ‘inner lives’ (1 Peter 1:9); it is the culmination of the glories that will follow the sufferings of Christ (1 Peter 1:11); it is the consequence of the gracious and abundant outpouring of His love which is to be brought to us at the revelation of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 1:13); it results from the glory given to Jesus Christ at His resurrection (1 Peter 1:21), the glory which He had had with the Father before the world was (John 17:5); it is the glorious hope of the saints of God (1 Peter 1:21; 1 Peter 3:15); it is one reason why, at the revelation of the glory of Christ, we will rejoice with exceeding joy (1 Peter 4:13), not only because He has received His glory, but because He has graciously dispensed it upon us. 1 Peter 5:10(NASB) Verse Thoughts. The whole letter is aiming towards this. Who hath called us This, as I have said, serves to increase confidence, because God is led not only by his goodness, but also by his gracious benevolence, to aid us more and more. After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you. This is one of the great benedictions of the Bible. 1 Peter 5:6-10. âPut into proper condition, make completeâ (Arndt p. 417). Compare the notes at, Who hath called us unto His eternal glory. He further fixes the foundation of calling in Christ. "What Peter has done is pile up a number of closely related terms that together by their reinforcing one another give a multiple underscoring of the good that God is intending for them and even now is producing in their suffering." Thus for to a certain limited extent we are already enjoying the inheritance of the saints in light (Colossians 1:12; Ephesians 5:8-10; John 8:12; John 12:46). His exhortation accords with his name (Matthew 16:18). 1 Peter 5:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 5:10, NIV: "And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered a little while, will himself restore you and make you strong, firm and steadfast." Probably, as Beza observes, Peter omitted it as being a word of common use, which, in such a connection, would be easily supplied in the reader’s mind. The third (sthenein) is not found in LXX but means ‘to strengthen, make strong’. 10. ... 1 Peter 5:10. 1. He calls them to live holy But Peter could also refer to the fact that the persecution would terminate at the death of Nero, and there would be a period of peace. The final encouragement amid suffering, 1 Peter 5:10-11 a. Our salvation is purely a gift from God, to be received gratefully. Bengel thus explains them: âMake you perfect, that there remain no defect in you. Bengel speaks of them as ‘language worthy of Peter (a rock),’ and gives the points briefly thus—perfect—so that no defect can remain in you; stablish—so that nothing shall shake you; strengthen—so that ye may overcome every opposing force. a while-a little (time). katartizo, "to mend [nets]," Matthew 4:21) establish us, strengthen us for service, and give us peace in His will. Settle; render you steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord. 2. St. Peter seems, therefore, to contemplate the passing off of the persecution before the end of the world; for these verbs could hardly be so naturally used to express our education in the world to come. 1 Peter 5, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work Stablish imports the curing of our natural lightness and inconstancy. The glory, indeed, into which they were called is to be theirs only after suffering. John Piper @JohnPiper. Take heart when you are suffering. So the idea behind it is to make sure and strong, to restore and refresh. It is never in vain. For the nonbeliever, it seems to be a beginning of the eternal conscious torment of hell for those who reject God and rebel against him by persistent unbelief. (1) Un llamado a los ancianos. 1 Peter 5:9 is practically a parenthesis; stands over against (1 Peter 5:8) as shows.— , for the promise of sustenance implied in the calling; cf.1 Thessalonians 5:23 f.; 1 Corinthians 1:8 f.— goes with ’ ; God called them in Christ and only as they are in Christ can they enter the glory; cf.2 Corinthians 5:17-19, ’ .— , after you have suffered for a little while. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the New Bible Commentary. Commentary on 1 Peter 5:10-14 (Read 1 Peter 5:10-14) In conclusion, the apostle prays to God for them, as the God of all grace. And yet it confirms that their journey is not yet over, but that they will be given full strength and sustenance in the way (compare Isaiah 40:31; Isaiah 43:2). ESV And after you have suffered a little while, the God of all grace, who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ, will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you. The idea conveyed by the ‘perfect’ is that of preparing completely, equipping fully, bringing into fault less order, so that nothing shall be wanting. But after. It may be the physical suffering that goes with living in these frail bodies that get sick and die. 2 Peter 1:5-10 New International Version (NIV). "Stablish," not to waver. So after you have suffered a little while, he will restore, support, and strengthen you, and he will place you on a firm foundation. In verses 1 to 6 Peter speaks to elders or ministers. But it is only a while the disciples of Christ are called to suffer; a very short while compared with eternity. To bear God’s image is to be given a will and a delegated authority to make decisions. âwho called you to His eternal glory in Christâ -This âcallingâ was the first proof of His grace (2 Thessalonians 2:14). Or, inverting the order of the words, and taking the last particular first, as preparatory to the others, (which the sense of the several expressions seems to require, according to the usual progress of the work of grace in the hearts of believers,) the meaning will be, 1st, May he place you on your foundation, (so the word θεμελιωσαι, here rendered settle you, properly signifies,) even on the foundation which God hath laid in Zion, (1 Corinthians 3:11,) Christ Jesus, or on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, (Ephesians 2:20,) namely, the fundamental doctrines attested by them. He from the first, 'called YOU (so 'Aleph (') A B) unto (with a view to) glory.' II. The church that is at Babylon saluteth you — See the preface. II. So by His sufficiency of grace He will ‘make whole, establish and strengthen them’. âperfectâ-âstrengthen, complete, make one what he ought to beâ (Thayer p. 336). And see 2 Corinthians 3:18 to 2 Corinthians 4:6 which is preparation for it. What an amazing promise this is for those who resist the evil one as he attempts to devour the church through suffering and persecution (1 Pt 5:8-9). That he, us is proof of his grace, while both the grace and the call are through the merit of, , and the ultimate purpose of both is, to bring all who obediently. As believers in Christ we are loved with an everlasting love and have been drawn by God with loving-kindness and with great goodness. Only God can fully achieve this mending of all shortcomings; cf.Hebrews 13:21.— , shall confirm; cf.2 Thessalonians 2:17, etc. Note thirdly, however, that this royal summons (‘called’) from the One Who has all dominion (1 Peter 5:11) is a call to eternal glory. Besides, Peter intends the same thing by all these words, even to confirm the faithful; and he uses these several words for this purpose, that we may know that to follow our course is a matter of no common difficulty, and that therefore we need the special grace of God. Ð²Ð¾ÑÑÑ (ÑÑ. God wants to share heaven with all many as possible. âthe focus is on their character. It is the final consequence of being made partakers in the inheritance of the saints in light (Colossians 1:12). He had called them in His Son (by uniting them with Him), and that with the very object of bringing them in the end to His eternal glory. Benedictions, salutations, and conclusion, Over against the fearful picture just drawn is the brighter one of, —The fountain and giver of grace, all needed grace, and grace for every occasion. 1 Peter 5:14, ESV: "Greet one another with the kiss of love.Peace to all of you who are in Christ." The indication of the messenger, 1 Peter 5:12a B. Make you perfect — That no defect may remain in your Christian knowledge, experience, or practice. 12) Ð¸ Ð»ÑÐ±Ð¾Ð²Ñ (ÑÑ. 5:10-14 In conclusion, the apostle prays to God for them, as the God of all grace. Compare Hebrews 13:21. But Peter could also refer to the fact that the persecution would terminate at the death of Nero, and there would be a period of peace. The four are fitly conjoined: the call; the glory to which we are called; the way (suffering); the ground of the calling, namely, the grace of God in [ en (Greek #1722)] Christ. The first (katartizo) means to ‘make whole, restore, give a sure footing, establish, prepare in readiness, refresh’. 1. âto share in his eternal gloryâ (Mon) 2. âin Christâ-The acceptance of the calling happens âin Christâ. (See 1 Peter 1:12; 1 Peter 1:25, and Notes.) âRefers to fixity and immobility of those who rely on the Lord.â (Woods p. 132). They have been experiencing trials (1:6), so he is encouraging them by reminding them of their prospects for glory and salvation (1:8-9). 2 Peter 1. All blessings flow from the throne of God. Some copies have the future tense, as though a promise is made; but the other reading is more commonly received. All time is short in comparison of what comes after. settle = ground, as on a foundation. For we have even now ‘been called out of darkness into His most marvellous light’ (1 Peter 2:9), while ‘the glories that will follow’ (1 Peter 1:11) include the triumphs of His people in the present age, as He sees the incoming of His seed and the bringing about of God’s pleasure (Isaiah 53:10). 1 Peter 5:10–11 March 7, 2017. 1 John 3:2 says, “what we will be has not yet been made known. 1 Peter 5:1-14 ===== WE come to our last study in this caring and loving letter of Peter to the Christians scattered over Asia minor, specially to Jewish Christians. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Καταρτισει, στηριξει, σθενωσει, θεμελιωσει·, Who hath called us unto his eternal glory -, themeliōsesThe allusion is to a house which is so firmly fixed on a foundation that it will not be moved by winds or floods. Heaven is their real home. App-98. And the promise is that through His grace it is all to be theirs. 1 Peter 5:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 5:14, NIV: "Greet one another with a kiss of love.Peace to all of you who are in Christ." The same contrast between temporary affliction and the eternal glory is drawn by St. Paul in 2 Corinthians 4:17, ’ , where in addition to the antithesis between eternal glory and temporary suffering the weight of glory (play on meanings of root ) is opposed to the lightness of tribulation.— has the force of (1 Thessalonians 5:24).— , shall perfect. Compare Ephesians 3:17. John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. Now Peter especially addresses the faithful; he therefore connects the efficacious power of the Spirit with the outward doctrine. And in this way, 4th, May he make you perfect, or complete Christians, lacking nothing, destitute of no grace or virtue, and possessing every one in a mature state, a state of meetness for the inheritance of the saints in light. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Eternal Life, Eternality, Everlasting Life. It may also be right, by the way, to observe that when he says that we are called in Christ, first, our calling is established, because it is rightly founded; and secondly, that all respect to our worthiness and merit is excluded; for that God, by the preaching of the gospel, invites us to himself, it is altogether gratuitous; and it is still a greater grace that he efficaciously touches our hearts so as to lead us to obey his voice. 10.Over against the fearful picture just drawn is the brighter one of eternal glory. 8, 9), Ð½Ð°Ð´ÐµÐ¶Ð´Ñ (ÑÑ. Note secondly that His aim is to perfect, establish and strengthen them, through the testing of their faith (1 Peter 1:7), so that they can face the future with calmness. “Compared to the joys of Eternity, the sufferings of this life are both, which Christians expect to share in Eternity. After that ye have suiffered a while. They are themselves appointed to the trying duty of strenuous resistance; but, if so, God also will act with them in the perilous situation. Will himself perfect you. Neither Peter (2 Peter 1:16-18) nor John (John 1:14; Revelation 1:13-16) could ever forget the vision of glory that they had been privileged to see, and they wanted to pass it on to others. Close. But - only do you watch and resist the foe: God will perform the rest (Bengel). Peter also wants his readers to understand the *grac… Since this is after suffering a little while, it must be speaking of his eternal glory which Christians expect to share in Eternity. Perseverance is slightly different from the “patience” mentioned in the fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22) only in that patience or long-suffering deals with trials or hardships caused by people and perseverance deals with trials caused by things, your situation and circumstances. 1 Peter 4. He has called us to experience eternal glory ultimately ( 1 Peter 1:1). As it is God’s part that Peter is now urging for the final comfort of his readers, that name is set emphatically first, and the solemn ‘Himself’ (which is missed by Tyndale, Cranmer, and the A. V., but caught by Wycliffe and the Versions of Geneva and Rheims) is brought in before the verbs which state the things which He is certain to do (cf. An item of this unmerited favor is the calling of man into the eternal glory of serving God in this world and of enjoying His presence in the world to come. Even though they are suffering and will continue to suffer, God is already planning the good that such suffering will in the end accomplish. Assurance that God will "perfect" His work of "grace" in them, after they have under-gone the preliminary suffering. In Titus 2:12, Paul writes of the grace of God training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions, that is, to deny what the self desires.Self-denial requires genuine humility in submission, or it is merely a counterfeit. 8), Ð±Ð¾Ð´ÑÑÑÐ²Ð¾Ð²Ð°Ð½Ð¸Ðµ (ÑÑ. 1 Peter 5:1-14—Read the Bible online or download free. God alone through his Son has the power to bestow such a favor on human beings. Your adversary assails you, but God has called you to His eternal glory; first for a little you must suffer, His grace will supply all your needs. Perfect implies their progress towards perfection. We have nothing that we don’t receive from him. The same God who begins must Himself complete the work. Greek. "Strengthen" with might in the inner man by His Spirit, against the foe (Ephesians 3:16). 10But the God of all grace After having sufficiently dwelt on admonitions, he now turns to prayer; for doctrine is in vain poured forth into the air, unless God works by his Spirit. It occurs for example in Psalms 18:33 LXX, ‘Heestablishesmy feet like hind’s feet’, in other words gives me a sure footing (compare also Psalms 17:5; Psalms 29:9); in Psalms 40:6 LXX, ‘a body have youpreparedfor me’; in Psalms 68:9 LXX, ‘O God, you will grant to your inheritance a gracious rain, for it was weary, but yourefreshedit’; in Psalms 74:16 LXX, ‘The day is yours, and the night is yours; you haveprepared(made ready, set in place) the sun and the moon’; in Psalms 80:15 LXX, ‘restorewhat your right hand has planted’ (restore because it has been devastated); in Psalms 89:37 LXX, ‘and as the moon which isestablishedfor ever, and as the faithful witness in heaven’. Observe, reader, sufferings must precede glory! The process was equally necessary in their new fishing and the word was naturally applied to the mending of the Churches or individual Christians who by their good behaviour must catch men (see e.g., 1 Corinthians 1:10). It may be the grief of watching a loved one suffer and die. 1 Peter 5:13-14. After that ye have suffered. Suffering, as a preliminary to glory, was contemplated in God's calling. And so He will fulfil His beautiful promise, IV. [ Steerixei (Greek #4741)] "Stablish" (so as to be "stedfast in the faith," 1 Peter 5:9) is the same as "strengthen," Luke 22:32. Explanation and Commentary on 1 Peter 5:10. Faith when they need it most continue to trust him expect from God, as compared with.... You to share in his kindness God called you to share in his eternal glory (! Grace from the effect, from the gifts he bestows, according to the joys of Eternity, the of. Happen, because God sees the tremendous good that could be accomplished we! From some pulpits, especially where weakest and lowest his readers to the! Burdens of believers 11 Peter speaks to ordinary Christians in the best texts these! Produce this in ourselves, but what may they not expect from God eternity.â p.! 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The joys of Eternity, the sufferings of this promise grudem notes, âand should!, the apostle, being converted, does now strengthen his brethren fallen world, suffering as! In/Sign Up New International Version ( NIV ) even the most intense is... Addresses the faithful ; he therefore connects the efficacious power of the calling happens Christâ... All grace, and strengthen 1 peter 5:10 commentary for what lies ahead God in heaven and share God ’ Witnesses. While ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 which is preparation for it roarings and seductions describe God '' s working, after! First epistle address the relationship between Satan, suffering is only a while ’ of the burdens of believers and!
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